How to Import Car or Bike in India? Everything You Need to Know

Updated: Apr 27, 2020



How to Import Car or Bike in India?


Everyone in India wishes to own a Supercar or a Hypercar. But actually how many of us own this? The choice among Supercars in India is very limited. And don't think to buy a Hypervar in India, that's impossible to buy a Hypercar in India without Importing it from another country. And also after you import the car from another country get mentally and financially prepared for the Taxes, Servicing and Breakdown.


Also, there is a huge shortage of high octane fuel in India. Big cities like Mumbai, Delhi, Bengaluru etc do not have such problems but other small cities do. The high end imported Car or Bike runs on 99 octane fuel, but if one does not get it he/she has to compromise with 93 octane fuel which can damage the engine and can also affect the overall performance of the Vehicle.


It has made most of the millionaires to import the cars by paying a hefty amount on all the external duties. Therefore, it is necessary to think twice before one decides to import the vehicle from foreign countries.



Procedures And Regulations To Import A Car Or Bike To India:


The Provisions led by the Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) are:


1. An Imported Car or Bike is the only one that,


a. An Indian company do not manufacture or


b. Do not fall under loaned or leased or sold category before importing or


c. Are not registered with any foreign countries according to their laws before the importation process.


If anyone of these criteria is satisfied a Car or Bike is said to be an imported one.


2. The speedometer in the car or bike must follow metric units (Kmph) instead of the Imperial unit (Mph).



3. The condition 1 and 2 specified above will not hold valid in the following circumstances:


a. If the vehicle is imported for Defense Requirements.

b. If the vehicle is imported for R&D purposes.

c. For the NRIs through The Transfer of Residence Scheme in which he/she is coming to India for permanent residency after the completion of two years' stay abroad. The car or bike in question must have been under their possession for a minimum period of one year abroad.


d. If you are residing in India and if you win this luxury imported vehicle as an award in any competition or event.


e. If it belonged to any of deceased relative who was residing abroad and the vehicle was brought back to India through legal heirs/successors.


f. If you are a differently-abled person.


g. Any religious or charitable institute working for a community benefit registered with the Indian Government is subject to clearance under Foreign Contribution Act, 1976.


h. If you belong to Foreign Embassies, Bureaucrats, or Diplomats who are having a recommendation of the Government of India.


i. If you are a news Reporter from any foreign news agency, that is approved by the Government of India.


j. An Indian company with foreign participation or having a branch office of any international industry in India.


4. The categories specified in the above point holds valid only for the right hand-driven cars.


5. Also, those categories are allowed to import only one vehicle. But, the point 3(j), that is, an Indian company with foreign participation or a branch office of any international industry in India can import a maximum of 3 vehicles.


6. Also, the category J. of point 9 is given the leisure to import only Special Vehicles.


7. But the DGFT has all the right to relax the above rule under special conditions.



8. Besides, the category 'h' of point 3 who are excused from paying customs duty are also exempted from conditions 1, 2, 9, 10 and 11.


9. The steering and controls must be located on the right-hand side. That is, the vehicle should be Right Hand Drive. This rule is not applicable to bikes.


10. Apart from that, the headlamps must support the ‘keep left' traffic in India.


11. The car or motorcycle of your choice must be imported from the manufacturer's country. If the vehicles are stored in some other nation, then they must have sufficient sources as well as a document to track the shipment of the transported vehicle from its homeland to India.


12. The car should obey the provision and rules of the Motor Vehicle Act 1988.


13. If it is imported via an importer or dealer,


a. It should follow the Homologation Process. That is, when you import a car or bike, the importation certificate must be compliant with rule 126 of Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989 which is issued by any of the testing agencies. In short, you must get the Road Worthiness Certificate which is issued by any of the testing agency in the country.


b. The Importer holds all the responsibility of the provisions given to the manufacturer a according to Rules 122 & 138 of CMVR, 1989.


c. Also, you must take written proof stating that the evidence of compliance with the conformity of production as per Rule 126A of CMVR will be submitted within six months of the importation process. If you fail to do so, then any import of new vehicles from that brand will not be allowed from then.


14. The import process is only permitted through the custom ports of Delhi Air Cargo, Nhava Sheva, Mumbai, Kolkata, Cochin, Chennai, and Inland Container Depot - Tughlakabad.




Important Things to Consider before importing Car or Bike to India


The imported vehicles are exempted from the Homologation process if they belong to the following categories:


Cars with Petrol engine having a capacity of 3000cc or above and also a Diesel engine with a capacity of 2500cc or more Superbikes with engine capacity of 800cc or above Besides, the vehicles with FOB (Freight On Board) or CIF (Cost + Insurance + Freight) value of $40000 or above do not have to be a part of this procedure. These vehicles still require a certification from an authorized testing agency such as ECE, NCAP before it is exported from the manufacturer's country.



Import Duty Rates applicable to Car and Bike

1. The Import Duty on Luxurious Cars is 165% of CIF Value.


2. The Import Duty on Bike is 116% of CIF Value.


Apart from this, the registration cost with the RTO will also be applied by the State Government as per State Government Tax Slabs.



Verdict:


The import duties in India for Cars and Bikes are so high. One has to almost three times the actual amount of the Car or the Bike. One has to also compromise with the fuel. Especially for cars with low ground clearance, one has look for the speed-breakers as well so that the car's chassis doesn't touche it. It is always a good option to consider the car or bike with the same level of performance or luxury that is available in India instead of going after the wealthy imported segment. One will not have to face as much as hassles regarding the car's body parts, maintenance and also warranties of these expensive vehicles in India.



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